Top 3 Types of Gum Diseases

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Gum disease is a serious kind of oral health issue that can cause major health problems in your mouth and throughout your body, if it is not treated properly and timely. Initially, it is an inflammation of the gums that can start affecting the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth. Without treatment, gum diseases can create deep pockets in your gums, destroy the tissues and fibres that hold your teeth in place and eventually cause you to lose your teeth.

Read on the following post to know different types of gum diseases and the necessary periodontal treatment that you can get to overcome gum problems.

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the initial stage of gum disease and it occurs when there is a build-up of plaque and bacteria at the gum line. Daily brushing and flossing must remove the plaque, otherwise, toxins can be produced that can irritate gum line. It is also true that most of the people do not experience any discomfort, if they have any discomfort if they have gum disease as they usually have swollen red gums that might start to bleed easily. Poor oral hygiene, oral disease, smoking, hormonal changes and certain medication can all increase the risk for developing gingivitis. Therefore, dentists suggest that if you notice having swollen or red gums – schedule an appointment with your dentist.

Gingivitis is completely curable, if it is caught earlier.

Periodontitis

If you do not go for gingivitis treatment – it might turn into a more serious disease periodontitis. It happens when the plaque travels beneath the gum line and the bone and fibres that hold your teeth are irreversibly damaged. The plaque and bacteria create toxins that irritate your gums. When your immune system notices this issue, it will create a chronic inflammatory response to try to get rid of it. Unfortunately, this puts the bones and tissues in your gums at risk.

The inflammation eventually destroys these bones and tissues, which creates pockets in the gums, where plaque and bacteria can develop. If you feel any such thing, you must fix an appointment with your dentist, who can help you prevent periodontitis from getting worse.

Advanced Periodontitis

When you do not ponder over your deteriorating gum problem, periodontitis can turn into advanced periodontitis. During this aggressive stage, the bones and fibres that support the teeth are completely destroyed. It will cause your teeth to shift out of place. They can also fall out. You must fix an appointment with your dentist to avoid this issue.

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