Orthodontics is basically a specialized branch of dentistry which relates to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of dental and facial irregularities and misalignment. So if you have irregular facial or dental features such as misaligned teeth or a protruding chin, dentists in Pakistan will advise you for an orthodontic treatment, and for that you will have to visit specialists in orthodontics.
The specialists in orthodontics essentially study two or three additional years after their dental surgery degrees, to specialize in the field of orthodontics. During their specialization studies these orthodontists learn how to safely move teeth into proper alignment, and guide facial development, in order to ensure that there is healthy growth in the jaw.
Types of Orthodontic Problems
There are a number of dental and facial misalignment’s and irregularities that require orthodontic treatment. These misalignment’s are referred to as malocclusion’s, in technical medical terms. Malocclusion’s can be inherited and also can be a result of any accident or inadequate care. Inherited malocclusion’s include jaw growth problems, congenitally missing teeth, extra teeth, crowded or protruded teeth and spacing problems. Apart from inherited malocclusion’s, facial irregularities can also be a result of premature loss of or even retention of baby teeth, finger sucking or thumb sucking, and even accidents or certain types of dental diseases.
Tips for Early Orthodontics
Here’s a list of top tips for treating early orthodontics by the dentist orthodontist.
Floss at least once a day – Make sure your child flosses every night before going to bed to make it a habit. This habit helps loosen the food particles and debris and plaque that layers at and under the gum line, which would otherwise harden into tartar. And it also helps reach the books and crannies in the teeth which are otherwise difficult to reach with a toothbrush.
Use a fluoride rich mouthwash – Make it a habit of using a fluoride rinse after brushing, especially before going to bed. This will make the teeth strong and healthy, and avoid orthodontic issues.
Visit the dentist regularly – Take extra care and consideration for visiting the dentist regularly for your child, at least every six months. This will help the dentist identify areas that require attention from early age, and will also help in signaling out any orthodontic problems from an early age.
Swish water before brushing – Before brushing the teeth, guide your child to rinse the mouth with water, particularly after eating. This will help the food debris to loosen which might otherwise be caught in the tooth nooks and crannies. Then brush thoroughly.